Mental health and well-being are fundamental for the quality of life and productivity of individuals, families and communities: there is no health without mental health (Declaration on Mental Health for Europe, 2005).
The disability caused by mental illness and the related costs represent about double the disability and the costs due to all forms of cancer and are in any case greater than the disability and the costs of cardiovascular disease (Daly’s – WHO indicator).
The new 2012-2016 Regional Healthcare Plan notes that over the years there has been a significant increase in the demand for psychiatric interventions, linked to a qualitative and quantitative evolution of psychiatric pathology.
In addition, requests for specialist visits and care for anxious-depressive disorders, overall interventions for schizophrenic and mood disorders, the incidence of personality disorders are increasing.
The setting of the interventions in this area is based on the principles of respect for the dignity of the person, the recognition of the need for health, the equity of access to assistance, the quality and appropriateness of care, the strong integration between health care and the area of socio-relational initiatives.
Psychiatric users assisted in hospitals (public and accredited private) or in territorial services (outpatient, semi-residential and non-hospital residential) in the Veneto in 2015 were 70,822: in relation to the population over the age of 17, users have approximated 173 people a year for every 10,000 residents.
The Department of Mental Health and Pathological Addictions deals with the promotion of mental health, the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of mental illness and mental disorder.
It also deals with the psychophysical disabilities of minors and the fight against pathological addictions.
It is organized into 4 sectors: Adult Mental Health, Childhood and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Pathological Addictions and Clinical Psychology. In particular, the sectors of this Department carry out activities aimed at guaranteeing the information, participation and active involvement of patients and their families.
According to the needs and conditions of the person, personalized care paths are defined and aimed at the recovery and recovery of the patient, the enhancement of his personal resources and the continuity of taking charge. The different activities are carried out in close integration between health and social services and voluntary work.
Numerous studies show that adolescence and young adulthood, that is the most critical period, where most often the onset of almost all the most serious mental disorders occurs, is the least attended by services.
It is therefore necessary that resources and practices are reoriented and new methods of intervention and organization are tested and implemented. The pandemic, with its serious impact on the entire health system, can be an important opportunity for innovation and a courageous rethinking of the way we work.