ARE THERE DIFFERENT TYPES?
The differences between the different types of vaccines are based on the preparation methods, composition and route of administration.
There are live vaccines where the virus is attenuated in the laboratory, causes an infection without symptoms of the disease and develops protective antibodies; inactivated vaccines where the virus is killed in the laboratory, it causes an immune response but not an infection; genetically modified vaccines that use the RNA or DNA of the genetically modified virus and do not cause any alteration of DNA or RNA in humans.
Regarding the composition, the vaccines can be trivalent or tetravalent, i.e. they can contain antigens of two influenza A subtypes and a single B strain, or two influenza A subtypes and two influenza B subtypes. .
Vaccines are administered intramuscularly or intradermally, but there are also vaccines administered as intranasal sprays, authorized for use in children and adolescents due to their ease of use in these population categories. Since this year, the Italian Auxological Institute has also been offering the tetravalent vaccine in intranasal spray.
WHO WILL BE ENTITLED FOR FREE?
From the age of 65 and up, adults with serious and chronic diseases, pregnant women, law enforcement, health personnel, children over 6 months up to 6 years will have the right to free vaccination. Everyone else will need to buy the vaccine in pharmacies or medical centers that administer it.
Vaccination must be performed by General Practitioners, Pediatricians, at the vaccination centers of the ATS and in the medical centers (such as Auxologico) that administer it.For more information, you can consult the website of the Ministry of Health or read the Circular for the Prevention and Control of Influenza: Recommendations for the 2021-2022 season, drawn up by the Directorate General for Health Prevention.VACCINE FOR ADULTS IN AUXOLOGICAL
At the Auxologico offices, the possibility of carrying out the tetravalent vaccine (protects against 4 influenza virus variants) is offered for adults at the price of 45 euros.
VACCINE FOR PATIENTS FROM 2 TO 18 YEARSPediatric influenza spray vaccination is available for patients aged 2 to 18 years.
Rome, 15 October 2021 – There are not only green passes and buffers. The great anti-flu prophylaxis campaign is kicking off these days in Italy. Vaccination is also particularly indicated due to the overlap of Covid-19 and seasonal flu, which have partly similar initial symptoms (fever, cough, fatigue and joint pain) therefore difficult to distinguish, consequently more difficult to treat.
The Delta variant of the Sars-Cov2 virus, for example, looks a lot like the flu in expression, and therefore can create confusion, leading to prescribing therapies that may prove to be less effective.
The Istituto Superiore di Sanità has announced the start of the epidemiological surveillance phase of virosis with sentinel doctors at national level starting from Monday 18 October. Staggered at different times, the regions are starting to distribute doses of the flu vaccine.
Covid: contagion situation in the bulletin of October 15 How it spreads
Influenza is very contagious, it is transmitted even before the onset of symptoms and up to 3-7 days after the onset of the disease, by air dispersion of respiratory viruses, coming to colonize the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, nasal cavities and pharynx, but also through contact with fingers contaminated by respiratory secretions, brought to the mouth.